Ramadan 2014 should start on Saturday, 28th June 2014 in North, Central and South America as well as in some parts of Africa because the crescent visibility zone can be extended up to there. The rest of the world, mainly all of Asia, Europe, and many countries of Africa and Oceania will start Ramadan 1435 on the next day, namely 29th June 2014, Sunday. Please click here to read the detailed explanation along with the required calculations in order to understand why some countries should start Ramadan 2014 on 28th June whilst others on 29th June 2014.
Below is the list of countries arranged as per the starting date of Ramadan 2014 (1435). Please click here to see corresponding Google map where we have plotted the extension of the zone of visibility.
The Umm al-Qura calendar stipulates that Ramadan should begin on 28th June.
Now, on the evening of 27th June, the moon sets in Makkah just one minute after sunset. It is thus not possible to observe it at Makkah itself. Neither is it possible to observe it at any other place on earth before the prayer of Sobh in Makkah. All scientific observatories can confirm this fact.
Fixing in an arbitrary manner the beginning of Ramadan on 28th June is equivalent to abusively imposing on the Muslims of the Arabic Peninsula a fast on the last day of Sha’ban.