Thanks be to God, the vast majorities of the countries in the world have celebrated Eid Al-Fitr on the date we announced, 28th July.
A few countries like Oman and Morocco decided to celebrate Eid Al-Fitr on the date of 29th July. This is a legitimate decision, without any contest, because it is based on the visibility of the crescent in these countries. However, the decision is neither intelligent, nor constructive, nor clear-sighted. Because each of these countries is, so to say, wrapped up within itself. It does not bother in the least about its neighbours. Much less is it worried about developing a projected calendar for the months and years to come… In short, this is like living your own little life from day to day!
In Algeria, there was a tremendous media campaign for imposing Eid on 29th July. But, on the evening of 27th July, there was a salutary turn-about. The concerned authorities realised that the moon could be seen at 11 p.m. local Algerian time, in South America. They immediately decided to proclaim the feast day on 28th July.
A last category of countries must be given the golden palm of stupidity and hypocrisy. On top of the list: Saudi Arabia. Since years it has endowed itself with an absurd calendar called Um Al-Qura, based essentially on conjunction. Saudi Arabia asserts that this calendar is used only for civil purposes. Since a few years, the beginning of each month seems to be determined on the one hand by the birth of the new moon, and, on the other, by the setting of the moon in Makkah, at least one minute after the setting of the sun! Since these criteria are overtly insufficient, the authorities now systematically resort to subterfuge. You are invited to judge by yourselves by reading the official statement of the government (Link Official Statement*). Several witnesses in different parts of Saudi Arabia are supposed to have seen the crescent on 27th July evening!!! We attest that this is a sheer lie! It is contempt for science! It is above all false testimony, much closer to idolatry than to Islam!!!
*The official statement of the Saudi Arabian government was transmitted to us via an E-Mail sent by Mr Sultan Alam to the Islam Crescent’s Observation Project (ICOP). The following links reproduce a part of the statement:
The Other links:
We are pleased to share with you that we have just received photographs of the new moon taken yesterday, 27th July 2014 evening at French Polynesia. This confirms our visibility prediction calculations. Eid Mubarak to All!
Sighting updates from Astronomical Observatory of Córdoba, Argentina By Roman Vena Valdarenas : We did our best trying to see the moon to take the pictures, but the western sky was cloudy and we could not see the moon.
Sighting updates from Salta, Argentina By Elvio Alanís : Unfortunately, it was not possible to photograph the new moon. The weather was good and visibility was acceptable. But just after sunset, a fire in adjacent fields in the west produced a lot of smoke that significantly reduced visibility in that direction. There was no time to look for another location. I'm so sorry. Despite my efforts, I could not see the moon with the naked eye. Nor was reachable with binoculars or the photos I took.
As per the sighting reports published on moonsighting.com website, on 27th July 2014, Sunday, the Shawwal crescent has not been sighted in Australia, New Zealand and Fiji Islands. This is as per the visibility predictions. New moon visibility is expected after some hours in some parts of Southern America, French Polynesia and Cook Islands.
We have contacted some of our photographer friends in French Polynesia, Chile and Argentina to photograph the new moon today, 27th July, 2014. We will update you once we hear back from them.
Crescent visibility is expected today, Sunday, 27th July 2014 in French Polynesia, Cook Islands and some countries of Southern America. Please see the visibility curve below to get a better idea of the crescent visibility predictions today.
New moon visibility is not expected today, Saturday, 26th July, 2014 in any part of the world because the new moon will be born too late to be visible today.
We are very pleased to announce that North, Central and South America, all of Africa, all of Europe, and almost all of Asia except Japan & North Korea and few countries of Oceania will be able to celebrate Eid Al-Fitr 2014 (1435) on Monday, 28th July 2014. The other countries in the world, mainly in Oceania, but also Japan and North Korea as well as some parts of Russia & China will be able to celebrate Eid Al-Fitr on Tuesday, 29th July 2014. Please see the Google map below in which we have marked the countries where Eid should be celebrated on 28th July 2014 in green. We have also provided below an extensive list of the countries arranged according to the date of celebration of Eid Al-Fitr 2014 (1435). To see the visibility prediction curves for Eid al-Fitr, please click here.
You will notice from the visibility curves that the new moon will be born on Saturday, 26th July 2014 at 22:41 UTC, very late to be observed on the same day. On the next day, Sunday, 27th July 2014, the new moon visibility can be extended to most parts of the world and, hence, Shawwal can start here on Monday, 28th July 2014 as mentioned in the country list below. For the extended visibility, we have chosen the point of reference in the South Atlantic Ocean at 17° West 37° South. Please read Makkah Calendar Introduction to understand better the concept of extended visibility as well as that of the point of reference.
In the case of China and Russia, the extension of the zone of visibility on the evening of 27th July 2014 includes the greatest part of these countries. However, a small part of China, to the east of Siping (Jilin province) and a part of Russia, to the east to the Yakutsak are not covered by the extension of the zone of observation. Hence, these parts of both the countries should celebrate Eid al-Fitr 2014 on Tuesday, 29th July 2014.
* Note: The whole of China to the west of Siping (Jilin province) and all the Russian Federation to the west of Yakutsak.
* Note: The whole of China to the east of Siping (Jilin province) and all the Russian Federation to the east of Yakutsak.