Makkah Calendar is a result of Research work done by following people.
Right from his early childhood, his father, Sheikh Mohammed Salah BENTCHIKOU – a disciple of Sheikh Abdelhamid BENBADIS, and laureate of the National Institute of Living Oriental Languages in Paris – raised him in the respect and the love of Islam. He spared no effort in order to transmit to his son his knowledge and, above all, that which had always been the most precious in his eyes: The Koran. He had him learn it by heart and allowed him – from the age of 14 years onwards – to conduct the supererogatory prayers, the TARAWIH, during the month of Ramadan in Constantine. This happened first in the El Kattanya mosque and then in the Grand Mosque.
Abdelhamid BENTCHIKOU prepared the competitive examination for the High School of French Muslim Education where he received a double training: the classical training as it is dispensed in all the High Schools of Algeria and of France, and a legal training intended for future cadres of the Muslim judiciary – Teachers (MUDARRAS), Cadis, Muftis … The training in the High School was perfectly bilingual, in Arabic and in French.
Since about a quarter century, Abdelhamid BENTCHIKOU, in addition to his professional life, has attached himself to the elaboration of an authentic Hegirian calendar. This means a calendar firmly anchored in The Sharia and solidly buttressed by science.
The first effort led in 1990 to the publication of a book entitled “The Time of Islam”. It was based on an “interval of reference” between the setting of the sun and the moon in Makkah. The book was crowned with success since it received the firm support of Sheikh Ahmed Mohammad Tayeb, the former Mufti of Egypt and present Sheikh – Rector – of the University of Al Azhar. Please click here to read the preface written by Sheikh Ahmed Mohammad Tayeb.
But since 1990, scientific knowledge has progressed a lot. The work of an British mathematician B. D. Yallop in 1998 concerning the earliest visibility of the new moon has opened the way for tracing visibility curves of the new crescent, month after month. Over the years, these visibility curves have been much improved by certain Muslim astronomers. Today, predicting the visibility of the new moon in such and such part of our earth has become an exact science.
And, thanks be to God, our thinking on religious matters has itself much deepened: in the beginning of each month, one watches out for the apparition of the moon in Makkah. If nothing can be perceived, it is perfectly legitimate to shift the observation more and more to the west until the fajr prayer in Makkah. If the crescent can be observed on land anywhere to the west of Makkah before fajr in this town, we consider this visibility as visibility in Makkah itself. We call this concept the concept of extended visibility. The concept of extended visibility has revealed itself as very powerful for establishing the calendar for Makkah decades in advance, with, specially, the dates of the major festivals. Please read Makkah Calendar Introduction to get a better idea about this point.
Through faithfulness to the Message transmitted by The Noble Messenger – on him be salvation and peace – this symbiosis of the Intellect and the Spirit was realised and put into the service of all believers in search of authenticity. Let us always have before our eyes the wise words of Ibn Elkhattab – may God grant him His consent –: “God has made us strong, noble and powerful by making us the depositaries of Islam. But every time that we seek force, dignity and power, by ways other than those of Islam, God will make us vile, low and contemptible.”
was born in 1937. He was brought up in a pious Muslim family in the city of Mumbai (Bombay). Right from his school days he was attracted towards science and finished the higher secondary school with very good marks, specially in physics. It is in this discipline that he obtained his Bachelor’s degree (B.Sc.) from the University of Bombay.
Shortly afterwards, at the age of 21 years, he left India in order to prepare a Master’s degree in physics at the University of Heidelberg in Germany, one of the oldest universities in this country. He worked in the field of nuclear physics and particularly in the study of the fine structure of the atomic nucleus using spectroscopy. After he obtained his M.Sc. degree in 1963, his work was noticed by Professor Evry SCHATZMAN during an international symposium in Heidelberg. Professor SCHATMAN “belonged” to the National Centre of Scientific Research in France (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique or CNRS) and was director of the Institute of Astrophysics in Paris. It must be mentioned that Professor SCHATZMAN had obtained the gold medal of the CNRS, the highest scientific award in France. He was one of the best known astrophysicists both in France and abroad.
Since the work of Moiz RASIWALA in spectroscopy was pertinent also in astrophysics, Professor SCHATZMAN invited him to join his research team in Paris in order to continue towards a Ph.D. in the field of astrophysics. From 1963 to 1970 Moiz RASIWALA was part of the CNRS. He presented his doctoral thesis in 1969 with the subject of stellar formation. The time of preparation of the thesis was rich in scientific contacts, specially with a stay of several months in the United States in a laboratory close to Harvard. During one year after his thesis, Moiz RASIWALA was guest scientist at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) in Bombay, one of the most prestigious scientific establishments of India.
In 1970, Moiz RASIWALA resigned from the CNRS in order to join the brand new university of Constantine in Algeria. He was designated as responsible for the Department of Physics whilst Professor Abdelhamid BENTCHIKOU was Dean of the Faculty of Science. There ensued a time of a very fruitful collaboration between the two men, during a period where one had to produce the first lot of graduates in science and, particularly, the first lot of Bachelor degree holders in physics in a university which was still in the full phase of structuring itself ! In 1973, Professor Abdelhamid BENTCHIKOU and Moiz RASIWALA seized the occasion of a total solar eclipse in Tamanrasset, in the extreme south of Algeria, in order to organise a Summer School in solar physics, for the intention of all the students in the department of physics. This school was a real success thanks to a total and full collaboration of the CNRS and thanks to the visit of Professor SCHATZMAN in Algeria, a few weeks before the eclipse.
It was during his stay in Constantine that Moiz RASIWALA created the Laboratory of Solid State Physics in order to initiate the students in scientific research with a direct industrial application, linked with the industry of machine tools in Constantine.
Upon leaving Constantine, Moiz RASIWALA joined the EKLAVYA team in India, a team composed of scientists dedicated to the remodelling of science teaching in the secondary schools of rural India. The objective was to adapt science teaching to the realities of rural India. Supported by the Indian government, this programme met with great success. Moiz RASIWALA was director of the EKLAVYA centre in the city of UJJAIN in the state of Madhya Pradesh.
From 1985 to 2002, Moiz RASIWALA was director in Toulouse, France, of the “Science and Industries Commission of the Regional Council of Midi-Pyrénées”, the regional government of France. At his level of responsibility, the work consisted of establishing closer links between scientific laboratories and industry in the Midi-Pyrénées region.
Since his retirement in 2002 from the Regional Council, Moiz RASIWALA is a full time collaborator of the Makkah Calendar project. Carried by the objective of linking the fundamentals of religious truth to the most recent scientific advance, this project cannot but enlighten the Muslim community and strengthen it in its effort towards always better serving the Truth.
is a Postgraduate in the field of Information Technology and having 8+ years of experience in Software Application development. He has got extensive Outsourced Software Services and Product Development experience with US and Europe based customers and currently working as a Project Manager with top IT Company in India. Amit is an executive engineer for Makkah Calendar Project and responsible for managing all Technical aspects of the Project.
- He learnt the Holy Koran and the fundamental principles of Islamic doctrine in his childhood. After obtaining the Higher Secondary school finishing examination he studied mathematics and physics at the Faculty of Science in Constantine, Algeria. Subsequent to these studies he joined the University of Islamic Sciences in Constantine, the University Amir Abd-el-Kader. There he pursued postgraduate studies in the department: “Ad-Da’wa and Information”.
Once he finished postgraduation, he was enrolled as lecturer in Arab-Islamic Studies. He has participated in a number of seminars and conferences.
He is the author of: