This website wants to shed a new light on the Calendar for Makkah. This calendar has definite impact on the lives of millions of pilgrims across the world because the date of Hajj, or the great annual pilgrimage, depends on an accurate calendar. Thanks to modern astronomical methods, it is quite possible to establish a projected Islamic calendar for Makkah decades in advance.
Our work takes into consideration the necessity of observing the crescent after sunset in order to consecrate the beginning of the new month. The concept of a “zone of extended visibility” is introduced as defined by the time interval between sunset and the prayer of Fajr in Makkah at each birth of the new moon. This time interval allows us to observe the sky to the west of Makkah. Until when? Until the time of the morning prayer, or Fajr, in Makkah. We call this concept that of extended visibility. It opens the way to the use of visibility curves that are very reliable because they allow us to predict the visibility of the young crescent with a high degree of precision. We have published photographs of the early crescent in our Photo Gallery section. They validate the accuracy of our calculations. They also attest in an irrefutable manner the physical presence of the crescent in the sky.
The method that we use for Makkah can be easily generalised for any location on earth: the new month will start next day in this location if the crescent can be observed there at sunset, or if it can be observed to the west before the prayer of Fajr in the location. This method allows us to fix the beginning of the new month for any country in the world for all the twelve months of the Hegirian year.
From now onwards, our totally renewed site will present, month after month, not only the projected visibility curve for the crescent, but also a world map showing the beginning of the month in each country. Such a map is not at all an artifice for unifying the Islamic calendar through some arbitrary method. Indeed no! In fact, we are presenting a rigorously exact Islamic calendar in strict conformity with the demands of the Shari ‘a. This calendar is totally reliable and can be established decades in advance. Our fervent desire in this undertaking is of course to make full use of scientific enlightenment. But above all, it is to submit ourselves scrupulously to the will of the Creator.
We request you to click on this link in order to read the details concerning the method we use.